Harlequin Floors to collaborate with two leading dance academics on extensive research looking at protecting young dancers’ feet from injury.
24th January 2020

Harlequin Floors, the global leader in advanced technology flooring for dance and performing arts are set to support Dr Luke Hopper, one of the world’s leading authorities on the biomechanics of dance and injury prevention and the specialist dance podiatrist Dr Sarah Carter, from the University of Western Australia on research looking at protecting young dancers’ feet from injury. It’s hoped the study will provide an important new understanding of the needs of aspiring adolescent dancers for dance floor properties to support them in their training towards becoming a professional dancer. The research will begin in early 2020.

It comes after Dr Carter and Dr Hopper successfully developed a world-first method for assessing the biomechanics of a dancer’s foot, providing new insight into the complexities of feet and how they contribute to dancers’ turnout. In 2018, intensive research Dr Hopper carried out, which aimed to develop an integrated model of best practice in dance floor design and construction, was rated as having ‘high international impact’ by the Australian Research Council. The study explored the injury rates, dance perceptions and biomechanics of dancers using different floors. It’s since been used by several ballet companies all around the world, including the Birmingham Royal Ballet and also presented in the opening chapter of the International Association for Dance Medicine and Science ‘Dancer Wellness’  textbook which is aimed at informing the wider dance community about best practices in dance floor use.

Dr Luke Hopper from Edith Cowan University, said: “My previous research saw us work with some of the world’s top companies, including the Birmingham Royal Ballet in the UK and the Queensland Ballet in Australia, who have since modified their dance floors and changed how they and their dancers work. Dance floors are sprung in a way to provide adequate shock absorption specifically for dance, this is necessary when a professional dancer might perform 150 jumps and landings in their daily classical ballet class alone. However, the flooring used by dancers while on tour could vary widely between theatres. If a performance surface lacked the right absorption properties, dancers could sustain serious injuries. An ideal dance floor needs to strike the right balance between firmness and responsiveness, and also provide good traction to avoid slips and falls. This latest research will look at developing an understanding of the dance floor properties needed for aspiring adolescent dancers to support them in their training towards a professional dance career.”

Dr Hopper adds: “Dancers’ feet perform amazing tasks, undergo high stresses and are essential for most dance performances. The position and stresses placed on a ballerina’s foot en pointe provides the perfect example of this amazing ability. Unfortunately, the foot is one of the most commonly injured body regions in dancers. This research aims to support dancers and prevent injuries by collecting and examining the largest set of biomechanical data of dancer’s feet in the world. The data collected will hopefully take place over a two year period. The research aims to address the questions; how do dancers’ feet change from adolescence through to adulthood and, how do different foot structures behave under dynamically loaded dancing movements. The data collected will involve using a new 3D motion capture assessment tool developed by Dr Sarah Carter and I. The tool enables us to estimate the movement of the foot bones during dancing movements as opposed to traditional clinic-based assessments. Harlequin will be disseminating the study findings to the international dance community and building the findings of the study into new product design.”

For over 40 years Harlequin has worked closely with the dance community and experts in biomechanics to develop a range of sprung and vinyl performance floors designed to meet the unique needs of dancers. Steve Green, Group Marketing Director at Harlequin Floors, said: “Harlequin is widely recognised as the world’s leading authority on dance floors. As an enlightened manufacturer, Harlequin is working closely with experts in biomechanics and the dance community to develop and refine our range of sprung and vinyl performance floors that keep dancers safe by reducing the risk of injury. Our collaboration with Dr Hopper and Dr Carter on this new project will add to our understanding in this field and will help Harlequin to develop floors specifically designed to protect younger dancers as they grow and mature.”